How to Become a Psychologist in India

How to Become a Psychologist in India
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How to Become a Psychologist in India

मनोवैज्ञानिक बनना उतना मुश्किल नहीं है जितना आप सोचते हैं। यह बहुत कठिन काम है, और आपको क्षेत्र के प्रति जुनूनी होने की आवश्यकता है, लेकिन यह एक यथार्थवादी लक्ष्य है। यदि आप लोगों और मानव मन को समझना पसंद करते हैं और कड़ी मेहनत करने को तैयार हैं, तो आपके पास मनोवैज्ञानिक होने के लिए आवश्यक आवश्यक गुण हैं। मनोवैज्ञानिक बनने के लिए आवश्यक विभिन्न कदमों और इस डिग्री के बारे में आपको जो कुछ भी जानना चाहिए जिसमें आप इसे करियर के रूप में क्यों चुनना चाहेंगे।

Becoming a psychologist is not as difficult as you think. It’s a very tough job, and you need to be passionate about the field, but it’s a realistic goal. If you love understanding people and the human mind and are willing to work hard, you have the essential qualities needed to be a psychologist. Everything you need to know about the various steps required to become a psychologist and this degree including why you would want to choose this as a career.

What is Psychology?

 Psychologists are in charge of identifying psychological, emotional, and behavioural concerns and diagnosing specific disorders, using data gathered from patient interviews, tests and records, and medical reference sources. The psychologist’s role also includes developing an individualised treatment plan for each patient and modifying it over time.

मनोवैज्ञानिक, रोगी साक्षात्कार, परीक्षण और रिकॉर्ड, और चिकित्सा संदर्भ स्रोतों से एकत्रित डेटा का उपयोग करके मनोवैज्ञानिक, भावनात्मक और व्यवहारिक चिंताओं की पहचान करने और विशिष्ट विकारों का निदान करने के प्रभारी हैं। मनोवैज्ञानिक की भूमिका में प्रत्येक रोगी के लिए एक व्यक्तिगत उपचार योजना विकसित करना और समय के साथ इसे संशोधित करना भी शामिल है।

How to Become a Psychologist in India?

The following are the prerequisites for becoming a licenced psychologist:

  1. Pass the 10+2 exam, preferably with Psychology as a subject.
  2. Bachelor of Arts (BA) or Bachelor of Science (BS) degree is required in Psychology. The curriculum focuses on personality development, psychotherapy, stress management, and neuro-psychology.
  3. Postgraduate specialisation is available, with an MA or M.Sc. in Psychology, Social Work, or Counselling.
  4. PhD or M.Phil degrees are also offered for further specialisation at the doctoral level.

लाइसेंस प्राप्त मनोवैज्ञानिक बनने के लिए निम्नलिखित शर्तें हैं:

  • एक विषय के रूप में मनोविज्ञान के साथ 10+2 परीक्षा उत्तीर्ण करें।
  • मनोविज्ञान में बैचलर ऑफ आर्ट्स (बीए) या बैचलर ऑफ साइंस (बीएस) की डिग्री आवश्यक है।
  • पाठ्यक्रम व्यक्तित्व विकास, मनोचिकित्सा, तनाव प्रबंधन और तंत्रिका-मनोविज्ञान पर केंद्रित है।
    एमए या एम.एससी के साथ स्नातकोत्तर विशेषज्ञता उपलब्ध है।
  • मनोविज्ञान, सामाजिक कार्य या परामर्श में।
  • डॉक्टरेट स्तर पर आगे की विशेषज्ञता के लिए पीएचडी या एम.फिल डिग्री भी प्रदान की जाती हैं।

Top Colleges in India to Become a Psychologist

Universities in India Location Fees Structure (USD) 2022 
Christ UniversityBangalore2 L-11 L
Jamia Millia IslamiaDelhi19.4 K – 24 K
University of MysoreMysore37.39 K – 1.9 L
IGNOUDelhi3.5 K – 18.6 K
LPUJalandhar83 K – 3.6 L
Manipal College of Health ProfessionManipal2.1 L – 7.36 L
University of HyderabadHyderabad52.1 K – 81.31 K
Ashoka UniversityDelhi25.25 L
FLAME UniversityPune19.85 L
Symbiosis School of Liberal ArtsPune16.3 L

Top Universities Abroad to Become a Psychologist

Universities in Abroad Country QS RankingFees Structure 2022
Harvard UniversityUSA151,904 USD per academic year
Stanford UniversityUSA2$52,857 per year
University of OxfordUK3£31,030
University of CambridgeUK4£35,517
University of California (UCB)USA5$15,000 per semester
University of California (LA)USA6$2275.00/month
Yale UniversityUSA8$84,525
University of MichiganUSA10$28,317
MITUK9$53,450 annually

Careers After Pursuing Psychology

Career Average Salary
Industrial-Organisational Psychologist$102,530
Forensic Psychologist$59,440
Clinical Psychologist$81,330
Engineering Psychologist$79,818
Counselling Psychologist$72,540
School Psychologist$58,360
Sports Psychologist$55,000

Types of Psychologists

There are different types of Psychologists job roles based on their specialization and area of expertise. Tabulated below are a few of them for your reference,

Industrial Psychologist

DefinitionIndustrial Psychologists are also known as organizational psychologists who are appointed in organizations. Their main purpose is to do the counseling of employees to motivate and increase the productivity of their team.
Average Annual Salary (INR)INR 8.92 LPA

Health Psychologist

DefinitionIt is the study of mental and physical health like behavior, social,biology, etc. They aim to improve individual overall health and wellness. They provide therapy and help to cope with illness.
Average Annual Salary (INR)INR 6.48 LPA

Clinical Psychologist

DefinitionThey study and treat mental illness. They usually work in hospitals, mental health clinics and even do private practice. They treat mental illness or substance abuse.
Average Annual Salary (INR)INR 9 LPA

Child Psychologist

DefinitionAs the name suggests, they treat and assess children and adolescents. Their main aim is to help children cope up with stresses like divorce, family issues and many others. They also help children with developmental issues or treat several mental illnesses.
Average Annual Salary (INR)INR 5.36 LPA

Educational Psychologist

DefinitionThey are focussed on youth and education. For being an Educational Psychologist, the practitioner must be a Ph.D level.
Average Annual Salary (INR)INR 4.37 LPA

Steps to Become a Psychologists

For being a Psychologist, candidates need to follow certain steps including studies, requisite experience, etc. The table below will discuss in detail the steps that are necessary to become a successful Psychologists,

  • Step 1 – Complete Graduation: Candidates must earn a bachelor’s degree in Psychology offered by top colleges in India such as BA in Psychology, B.Sc in psychology. This will create a strong foundation for the career to begin with.
  • Step 2 – Gain relevant work experience: After the completion of an undergraduate degree, candidates are qualified to work as a psychologist. They can gain work experience through different internships or by assisting someone while in college. This will provide candidates with hands-on- learning experience and will help you understand the work culture.
  • Step 3 – Get Specialization with a Master’s degree: Candidates can opt to pursue a Master’s degree in order to develop a deeper understanding of the subject. One can choose their specialization in the relevant areas such as clinical psychology, cognitive psychology, development psychology, educational quantity etc.
  • Step 4 – Consider a Doctorate degree: If candidates are aiming for a career as a clinical psychologist, then they need to pursue a doctorate degree in Psychology. This will establish you as an expert within your domain. Doctorate degrees usually take around 4 to 8 years to complete.
  • Step 5 – Earn relevant certifications: Candidates for being a practitioner need to get themselves registered. The Rehabilitation Council of India (RCI) provides certification to candidates of colleges/ universities affiliated by it. In case,the college is not affiliated, then the candidate must apply separately after the completion of course.

मनोवैज्ञानिक बनने के लिए कदम

एक मनोवैज्ञानिक होने के लिए, उम्मीदवारों को अध्ययन, अपेक्षित अनुभव आदि सहित कुछ चरणों का पालन करने की आवश्यकता होती है। नीचे दी गई तालिका में एक सफल मनोवैज्ञानिक बनने के लिए आवश्यक कदमों पर विस्तार से चर्चा की गई है।

चरण 1 – पूर्ण स्नातक: उम्मीदवारों को भारत में शीर्ष कॉलेजों जैसे मनोविज्ञान में बीए, मनोविज्ञान में बी.एससी द्वारा प्रदान की जाने वाली मनोविज्ञान में स्नातक की डिग्री अर्जित करनी चाहिए। यह करियर की शुरुआत के लिए एक मजबूत नींव तैयार करेगा।
चरण 2 – प्रासंगिक कार्य अनुभव प्राप्त करें: स्नातक की डिग्री पूरी करने के बाद, उम्मीदवार मनोवैज्ञानिक के रूप में काम करने के योग्य होते हैं। वे विभिन्न इंटर्नशिप के माध्यम से या कॉलेज में किसी की सहायता करके कार्य अनुभव प्राप्त कर सकते हैं। यह उम्मीदवारों को हाथों-हाथ सीखने का अनुभव प्रदान करेगा और आपको कार्य संस्कृति को समझने में मदद करेगा।
चरण 3 – मास्टर डिग्री के साथ विशेषज्ञता प्राप्त करें: विषय की गहरी समझ विकसित करने के लिए उम्मीदवार मास्टर डिग्री का पीछा करने का विकल्प चुन सकते हैं। कोई भी प्रासंगिक क्षेत्रों जैसे नैदानिक मनोविज्ञान, संज्ञानात्मक मनोविज्ञान, विकास मनोविज्ञान, शैक्षिक मात्रा आदि में अपनी विशेषज्ञता चुन सकता है।
चरण 4 – एक डॉक्टरेट की डिग्री पर विचार करें: यदि उम्मीदवार एक नैदानिक मनोवैज्ञानिक के रूप में अपना करियर बनाना चाहते हैं, तो उन्हें मनोविज्ञान में डॉक्टरेट की डिग्री हासिल करने की आवश्यकता है। यह आपको अपने डोमेन के विशेषज्ञ के रूप में स्थापित करेगा। डॉक्टरेट की डिग्री को पूरा करने में आमतौर पर लगभग 4 से 8 साल लगते हैं।
चरण 5 – प्रासंगिक प्रमाणपत्र अर्जित करें: एक व्यवसायी होने के लिए उम्मीदवारों को खुद को पंजीकृत कराने की आवश्यकता है। भारतीय पुनर्वास परिषद (आरसीआई) इससे संबद्ध कॉलेजों/विश्वविद्यालयों के उम्मीदवारों को प्रमाणन प्रदान करती है। यदि कॉलेज संबद्ध नहीं है, तो उम्मीदवार को कोर्स पूरा होने के बाद अलग से आवेदन करना होगा।

Psychologists Courses

Some of the top courses that can be pursued in order to become a Psychologists are tabulated below for your reference,

ParametersBachelor of Arts (BA) in PsychologyBSc in PsychologyMaster of Arts (MA) in PsychologyDoctor of Philosophy in Psychology
Duration3 years3 years2 years3 year
EligibilityCompleted 10+2 examination with compulsory English subject from a recognized institute.
Minimum aggregate of 50% or above
Completed 10+2 examination with compulsory English subject from a recognized institute.
Minimum aggregate of 50% or above with Physics, Chemistry and Mathematics
Completed graduation in any discipline from a recognized university
Minimum aggregate 0f 55% or above in graduation
Postgraduate degree in psychology with a minimum score of 55% or above from a recognised university.
Admission to the course is done on the basis of entrance examination or merit list.
Top CollegesBanaras Hindu University
Delhi University,
Rama University,
Jawaharlal Nehru University
Presidency College Chennai
Christ University
Delhi University
Banaras Hindu University
Banaras hindu University
Delhi University
Christ University
Jawaharlal Nehru University
Amity University,
IIT Gandhi Nagar
Women’s Christian College,
Chandigarh University
Entrance ExamsBHU UET
Average course feesINR 15,000- INR 1,50,000 Per yearINR 20,000- 60,000 per yearINR 10,000 – 95,000 per yearINR 20,000 – 1,00,000 per year
Average SalaryINR 2.20 L – 3.50 LPAINR 4.50 L – 6 LPAINR 4.68 L – 7 LPAINR 7.10 L – 10.60 LPA

Entrance Exams

Some of the top Entrance Exams along with their important dates, that are conducted in order to enroll students for courses to become a Psychologist are tabulated below for your reference,

Entrance ExamsRegistration DatesRegistration DeadlinesExam DatesResult Dates
PUBDET4th week of March, 20222nd week of April, 20222nd week of August, 2022To be announced
NPATDecember 23, 2021June 20, 2022April 1 to June 26, 2022To be announced
TISS BATMay 27, 2022May 31, 2022July, 2022August, 2022
IPU CETMarch 4, 2022May 31, 2022June 18, 2022 to June 19To be Announced


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