Rivers of India for SSC Exam in english

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️ India’s Major Rivers

Rivers of India

️Ganga River

Source of Origin – Gangotri Glacier
Length – 2,525 km
Estuary – Sundarbans, Bay of Bengal

River Ganges is the most important and sacred river of India, which is also worshiped as mother and goddess and there are many religious places on the banks of this river, which have a very important contribution from the point of view of Indian social and cultural system.

Yamuna river

Purpose – Yamunotri
Length – 1,376 km
Estuary – Triveni Sangam, Allahabad

The Yamuna River, the largest tributary of the Ganges River, meets the Ganges River.

Saraswati river

Saraswati River is an ancient and mythological river whose description is also in the Vedas, it is the third holy river of India and is the confluence of three rivers in Prayag (Yamuna River, Ganga River and Saraswati River).

(Kshipra River)

️Origin source – torrent
️Length – 196 Kms
️estuary – Chambal river

Kshipra river is a historical river flowing in central India, Ujjain Mahakal Jyotirlinga is on the bank of this river and one of the four places Kumbh Mela is held on the banks of this river.

Narmada river

Source of Origin – Amarkantak
Length – 1,312 km
Estuary – Gulf of Khambhat, Arabian Sea

The Narmada River is a sacred, divine and mysterious river that has its source from the Narmada Kund in Amarkantak. The Narmada River is the third longest river flowing entirely within the country of India after the Godavari River and the Krishna River.

Godavari river

Source of Origin – Trimbakeshwar
Length – 1,465 km
estuary – Bay of Bengal

The Godavari River, also known as the Dakshin Ganga and originates from Nashik district in Maharashtra and flows through Andhra Pradesh and joins the Bay of Bengal.

Cauvery River

Source of Origin – Talakaveri
Length – 760 Kms
Estuary – Cauvery Delta, Bay of Bengal

The river Kaveri is the third largest river in South India after Godavari and Krishna, the city of Tiruchirappalli situated on the banks of this river is a famous pilgrimage place of Hindus.

Krishna River

Source of Origin – Mahabaleshwar
Length – 1290 Kms
estuary – Bay of Bengal

The Krishna river originates from the Mahabaleshwar mountain and falls into the Bay of Bengal. This river is considered sacred by Hindus. And it is said that bathing in this river ends all the sins of the people.

Brahmaputra river

Source of Origin – Tibet, Mount Kailash
Length – 2900 km
estuary – Bay of Bengal

Brahmaputra River is the only river in India whose name is Pulinga – literally the son of Brahma, Brahmaputra River is a very long river which has its origin near Mount Kailash in Tibet.


Source of Origin – Dhamtari
Length – 885 kms
estuary – Bay of Bengal

The origin of Mahanadi is from Dhamtari district near Raipur and it takes a huge form through Chhattisgarh and Orissa states and joins the Bay of Bengal.

Alaknanda river

Source of Origin – Gangotri Glacier
Length – 195 km
The estuary – the Ganges

The Alaknanda River is one of the two main streams of the holy Ganges and it is also considered to be the source stream of the Ganga due to its greater length and discharge

Bhagirathi River

Source of Origin – Gangotri Glacier
Length – 205 Kms
The estuary – the Ganges

The Bhagirathi River joins the Alaknanda River at Devprayag to form the holy Ganges. Tehri Dam is built at the confluence of Bhagirathi River and other tributary Bhilangana River which is the fifth tallest dam in the world.

️Saryu River

The Saryu River is a Vedic period river that originates from the Himalayas and joins the Ganges through Ayodhya.

️Jhelum River

The Jhelum River originates from the Sheshnag Lake and it adds to the beauty of the Kashmir Valley.

Chambal river

Origin source – Janapav mountain
️Length – 966 kms
The estuary – Yamuna

The Chambal river originates from Mhow and joins the Yamuna river in the state of Uttar Pradesh, forming the boundary between Madhya Pradesh-Rajasthan.

Its main tributaries are Shipra, Sindh, Kalisindh, and Kunano rivers.

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