The Hindu Vocabulary For All Competitive Exams | 04-02-2023

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1. Bureaucratic (Adjective): relating to a system of controlling or managing a country, company, or organization that is operated by a large number of officials ; involving complicated rules and processes that make something slow and difficult

Synonyms: administrative, parliamentary, regulatory, managerial, official

Example Sentence: I had a lot of bureaucratic hassle trying to get the information I needed.

2. Appease (Adjective) : खुश करना / शान्त करना: pacify or placate (someone) by acceding to their demands

Synonyms: placate, comfort, mollify, pacify, soothe, propitiate

Antonyms: infuriate, anger, inflame, annoy

Example Sentence: When I reported the cashier’s poor customer service, the manager tried to appease me with the offer of a free pizza.

3. Swathe (Noun / Verb): a large part of something that includes several different things; wrap in several layers of fabric

Synonyms: wrap, shroud, envelop, enclose, encompass

Example Sentence: The bomb had left a swathe of the town in ruins.

4. Submersible (Noun / Adjective) : पनडुब्बी: a type of ship that can travel underwater, especially one that operates without people being in it; able to be used or to travel underwater

Synonyms: nuclear submarine, underwater craft

Example Sentence: Submersible lights in the pool allowed the homeowners to have pool parties at night.

5. Maze (Noun) : उलझन: a complex network of paths or passages.
Synonyms: labyrinth, warren, tangle
Antonyms: certainty, line, order
Example Sentence: I’m just a little bit caught in the middle. Life is a maze and I don’t know where to go, can’t do it alone.

6. Picturesque (Adjective) : खूबसूरत , सुरम्य: visually attractive, especially in a quaint or charming way

Synonyms: vivid, graphic, pictorial, expressive,

Antonyms: inartistic, ugly, unattractive

Example Sentence: The narrow, leaning buildings and the large city park, Vondelpark, make Amsterdam a picturesque city for walking or biking.

7. Jubilation (Noun) : आनंदोत्सव: a feeling of great happiness and triumph

Synonyms: joy, glee, cheer, happiness

Antonyms: despondency, disappointment, sadness, sorrow,

Example Sentence: Exam results day may bring jubilation or despair to thousands of Swindon youngsters next month.

8. Tussle (Verb) : हाथापाई करना: engage in a vigorous struggle, typically in order to obtain or achieve something

Synonyms: clash, battle, fight, scuffle, struggle, brawl, fray

Antonyms: agreement, harmony, peace, truce

Example Sentence: The children began to tussle over a toy, and the preschool teacher had to step in to break up the fight.

9. Umbrage (Noun) : अपमान : to feel upset or annoyed, usually because you feel  that someone has been rude or shown no respect to you

Synonyms: take offense, be offended, be affronted

Antonyms: appeasement, mollification, pacification

Example Sentence: I certainly took umbrage for not being invited to my best friend’s wedding.

10. Sedulous (Noun) : परिश्रमी: showing dedication and diligence towards a person or action

 diligent, careful, meticulous

Antonyms: nonchalant, negligent, indifferent, careless.

Example Sentence: She wondered what sort of herbs they were which the old man was so sedulous to gather

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