The Hindu Vocabulary For All Competitive Exams | 19-04-2023
1. Cognizance (Noun): जानकारी: Knowledge or awareness of something
Synonyms: awareness, knowledge, understanding, perception
Antonyms: ignorance, unawareness, oblivion, unfamiliarity
Example Sentence: The police took cognizance of the complaint and started an investigation.
2. Cavalier(Adjective): अभिमानपूर्ण : Showing a lack of concern, disregard for others’ feelings, or arrogant attitude
Synonyms: arrogant, assumptive, haughty, indifferent
Antonyms: humble, modest, considerate, respectful
Example Sentence: His cavalier attitude towards his employees caused a lot of resentment in the workplace.
3. Traipse (Verb): धीरे-धीरे चलना : walk or move wearily or reluctantly (feeling tired or bored, purposelessly)
Synonyms: trudge, trek, tramp,
Example Sentence: We traipsed around every store in town, trying to find the right color of paint.
4. Interim (Noun) : अन्तरिम अवधि: temporary and intended to be used or accepted until something permanent exists; serving during an intermediate interval of time
Synonyms: temporary, provisional, transitional, short-term
Antonyms: permanent, lasting, enduring
Example Sentence: While my car is in the shop, I think I’ll borrow Dad’s Corvette for getting around during the interim.
5. Vex (Verb): चिढ़ाना : make (someone) feel annoyed, frustrated, or worried, especially with trivial matters
Synonyms: irritate, annoy, bother
Antonyms: please, calm, soothe, mollify
Example Sentence: The constant noise from the construction site vexed the nearby residents.
6. Felicity (Noun) : सुखदता : great happiness, joy, or bliss; (happiness, luck, or a condition that produces positive results)
Synonyms: joy, bliss, beatitude, delight
Antonyms: misery, sadness, sorrow
Example Sentence:The newlyweds were filled with felicity on their wedding day.
7. Impunity (Noun) : दण्ड मुक्ति : Exemption from punishment or consequences of an action (something that has been done that is wrong or illegal)
Synonyms: Immunity, exemption, amnesty
Antonyms: Accountability, responsibility, liability, penalty
Example Sentence: Corrupt politicians and bureaucrats often act with impunity, knowing that they will not be held accountable for their actions.
8. Bring someone to book (Idiom) : to officially punish someone or call them to account for their behavior.
Synonyms: punish, penalize, give someone a stick
Example Sentence: If Jessica continues with this behavior, I will have no choice but to bring her to book.
9. Lynched (Verb) : गैर कानूनी ढंग से प्राणदंड : to put to death (as by hanging) by mob action without legal approval or permission.
Synonyms: hanged, executed, murdered, assassinated
Example Sentence:The accused killer was lynched by an angry mob.
10. Incredulity (Noun) : a state of uncertainty or hesitation (the feeling of not wanting or not being able to believe something)
Synonyms: disbelief, skepticism, suspicion, doubt, uncertainty, distrust
Antonyms: assurance, belief, certainty
Example Sentence: His family and friends met the news of his sudden death with incredulity.