Vocabularies for All Exams

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APPLICABLE (ADJECTIVE): (प्रयोज्य): relevant
Synonyms: appropriate, pertinent
Antonyms: irrelevant
Example Sentence:
The same considerations are equally applicable to accident claims

EXPEDITE (VERB): (जल्दी करना): speed up
Synonyms: accelerate, hurry
Antonyms: delay
Example Sentence:
He promised to expedite economic reforms

ESCALATION (NOUN): (वृद्धि): rise
Synonyms: hike, advance
Antonyms: plunge
Example Sentence:
A convincing argument backed by a slow policy may limit escalation of a crisis

DOMINANCE (NOUN): (प्रभुत्व): supremacy
Synonyms: superiority, ascendancy
Antonyms: subservience
Example Sentence:
There is worldwide dominance of Hollywood

REDEMPTION (NOUN): (मोचन): retrieval
Synonyms: recovery, reclamation
Antonyms: deprivation
Example Sentence
The peasants found the terms of redemption unattractive

UNUSUAL (ADJECTIVE): (असाधारण): remarkable
Synonyms: extraordinary, exceptional
Antonyms: unremarkable
Example Sentence:
He is a man of unusual talent

VIOLENT (ADJECTIVE): (अत्यन्त): intense
Synonyms: extreme, strong
Antonyms: mild
Example Sentence:
I have a violent dislike for red roses

FURY (NOUN): (रोष): rage
Synonyms: anger, wrath
Antonyms: good humour
Example Sentence:
Her eyes were filled with tears of fury and frustration

BAR (VERB): (रोकना): prohibit
Synonyms: debar, preclude
Antonyms: admit
Example Sentence:
Journalists had been barred from covering the elections

ELIGIBLE (ADJECTIVE): (योग्य): entitled
Synonyms: permitted allowed
Antonyms: ineligible
Example Sentence:
Customers who are eligible for discounts, formed a long queue

 

APPLICABLE (ADJECTIVE): (प्रयोज्य): relevant
Synonyms: appropriate, pertinent
Antonyms: irrelevant
Example Sentence:
The same considerations are equally applicable to accident claims

EXPEDITE (VERB): (जल्दी करना): speed up
Synonyms: accelerate, hurry
Antonyms: delay
Example Sentence:
He promised to expedite economic reforms

ESCALATION (NOUN): (वृद्धि): rise
Synonyms: hike, advance
Antonyms: plunge
Example Sentence:
A convincing argument backed by a slow policy may limit escalation of a crisis

DOMINANCE (NOUN): (प्रभुत्व): supremacy
Synonyms: superiority, ascendancy
Antonyms: subservience
Example Sentence:
There is worldwide dominance of Hollywood

REDEMPTION (NOUN): (मोचन): retrieval
Synonyms: recovery, reclamation
Antonyms: deprivation
Example Sentence
The peasants found the terms of redemption unattractive

UNUSUAL (ADJECTIVE): (असाधारण): remarkable
Synonyms: extraordinary, exceptional
Antonyms: unremarkable
Example Sentence:
He is a man of unusual talent

VIOLENT (ADJECTIVE): (अत्यन्त): intense
Synonyms: extreme, strong
Antonyms: mild
Example Sentence:
I have a violent dislike for red roses

FURY (NOUN): (रोष): rage
Synonyms: anger, wrath
Antonyms: good humour
Example Sentence:
Her eyes were filled with tears of fury and frustration

BAR (VERB): (रोकना): prohibit
Synonyms: debar, preclude
Antonyms: admit
Example Sentence:
Journalists had been barred from covering the elections

ELIGIBLE (ADJECTIVE): (योग्य): entitled
Synonyms: permitted allowed
Antonyms: ineligible
Example Sentence:
Customers who are eligible for discounts, formed a long queue

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Quagmire (Noun) : दलदल : A soft wet area of land that has a lot of mud
Synonyms: Swamp , Morass , Pocosin
Antonyms: Solution , Boon
Example Sentence: His people had fallen further and further into a quagmire of confusion

Lapse(Noun) : A short time when you cannot remembersomething or you are not thinking about what you are doing
Synonyms: Failure , Oversight , Mistake , Gap
Example Sentence: He forgot to renew his driver’s license, so it lapsed

Writ (Noun) : याचिका : A legal order to do or not to do something, given by a court of law
Synonyms: Summons , Command , Decree
Example Sentence: Her writ says disciplinary action against her is unlawful because she was not at serious fault

Wrath (Noun): क्रोध: Extreme anger
Synonyms: Acrimony , Rage , Exasperation
Antonyms: Happiness , Kindness , calmness
Example Sentence:The man earned the wrath of an entire nation when he assassinated the president

Abysmal (Adjective) : बहुत ही ख़राब : Very bad; of very poor quality
Synonyms: Dreadful , Awful , Terrible
Antonyms: Superb , Superficial
Example Sentence:The standard of the students’ work is abysmal

Inexplicable (Adjective) : अकथनीय : That cannot be explained
Synonyms: Unfathomable , Perplexing , Baffling
Antonyms : Comprehensible , Explainable
Example Sentence:For some inexplicable reason, the investors decided to pull out

Vindictive (Adjective) : प्रतिशोधी: Characterized by spite or rancor
Synonyms: Vengeful , Revenge , Vicious
Antonyms: Forgiving , Gentle , Merciful
Example Sentence: He accused her of being vindictive

Envisage (Verb): परिकल्पना करना: To think of something as being possible in the future; to imagine
Synonyms: Foresee , Predict , Visualize
Antonyms: Actual
Example Sentence: I don’t envisage working with him again

Sparingly (Adverb): संयम से: In an economical or limited way
Synonyms: Intermittently , Rarely , Occasionally
Antonyms: Liberally , Richly , Extravagently
Example Sentence:Nutritionists recommend eating fats sparingly

Philanthropic (Adjective): परोपकारी : Generous in assistance to the poor
Synonyms: Benevolent , Charitable , Humanitarian
Antonyms: Selfish , Miserly
Example Sentence: She’s known for her philanthropic work in the
community

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Constrained : विवश किया हुआ: To limit their development or force them to behave in a particular way
Synonyms: Contrived , Restrained , Repressed
Antonyms: Relaxed
Example Sentence: I felt free to speak to her without constraint

Communique(Noun) : सरकारी परिपत्र: An official statement, especially from a government, a political group, etc
Synonyms: Announcement , Bulletin
Example Sentence:The company released a communique to the news outlet that explained why the former CEO resigned

Ironed out : समस्या हल की : To resolve or work out a solution to
Synonyms: Unravel , Unscramble , Untangle
Example Sentence: Hopefully they’ll iron out a problem that seems less prolific in other branches

Entrenched : मजबूत स्थिति बनाना: To place in a position of strength; establish firmly or solidly
Synonyms: Ingrained , Fixed
Example Sentence:Our soldiers have entrenched themselves behind the battle lines

Perceived(Verb) : देखना/समझना : To become aware of (something) through the senses, esp the sight; recognize or observe
Synonyms: Grasped , Noticed
Antonyms: Avoid , Dodge
Example Sentence: A key task is to get pupils to perceive for themselves the relationship between success and effort

Fierce(Adjective) : भयंकर: Angry, Aggressive and frightening
Synonyms: Ferocious , Brutal
Antonyms: Gentle , Tame , Mild
Example Sentence: The two teams have had a fierce rivalry for many years

Infirmity(Noun) : दुर्बलता: A physical weakness or ailment
Synonyms: Frailty , Affliction , Malady
Antonyms : Strength
Example Sentence: The infirmities of age were coming fast upon him

Convention : सम्मेलन :A meeting or formal assembly, as of representatives or delegates, for discussion of and action on particular matters of common concern
Synonyms: Protocol , Conference , Meeting
Antonyms: Altercation
Example Sentence: The Democratic National Convention will meet next week to announce their party’s candidate for president

Consensus(Noun) : सर्वसम्मति: Agreement among a group of people
Synonyms: Harmony , Concord , Unison
Antonyms: Disagreement , Conflict
Example Sentence: You would need a very large consensus of the people for that to happen

PAINSTAKING (Adjective): (श्रमसाध्य): careful
Synonyms: meticulous, thorough
Antonyms: careless
Example Sentence: He gave painstaking attention to detail

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Dissonance (Noun) : मतभेद: Lack of agreement or harmony between people or things
Synonyms: Discord , Disparity , Conflict , Incongruity
Antonyms: Harmony , Agreement , Peace
Example Sentence:His cruel abuse showed a dissonance with his loving words

Buttress (Verb) : समर्थन देना: To give support to or strengthen something
Synonyms: Guard , Protect , Fortify
Antonyms: Weaken, Disapprove
Example Sentence He looked for things that would buttress the prosecution case and win a conviction

Posited (Verb): किसी स्थिति में रखना : Put forward as fact or as a basis for argument
Synonyms: Postulate ,Propose , Assert
Antonyms: Abstain , Abnegate
Example Sentence:of the posited hindrances to the original iPhone’s success was its lofty price

Shrinkage (Noun): संकुचन: An allowance made for reduction in the takings of a business due to wastage or theft
Synonyms: Compression , Contraction ,Depreciation
Antonyms: Enlargement , Boost , Increase
Example Sentence:He’s much better now and it’s not just the shrink he’s seeing

Wane (Verb):कम होना: To become gradually weaker or less important
Synonyms: Dwindle , Diminish , Decrease
Antonyms: Increase , Grow
Example Sentence: When the investigators ran out of leads, the intensity of the murder investigation started to wane

Erode (Verb) : खत्म करना: To diminish or destroy by degrees
Synonyms: Corrode , Ruining
Antonyms: Restoring , Reviving
Example Sentence:Wind and rain have eroded the statues into shapeless lumps of stone

Flagging : To become tired or less strong
Synonyms: Weak , Fatigued , Drooping
Example Sentence: She was utterly tired out; she longed for something to inspire her flagging strength

Relentless (Adjective) : दयाहीन : Determined to do something and refuses to give up, even if what they are doing is unpleasant or cruel
Synonyms: Rigorous , Continuative
Antonyms: Softening , Weak , Placable
Example Sentence:He was the most relentless enemy I have ever known

Momentum (Noun): गति: The ability to keep increasing or developing; the force that makes something move faster and faster
Synonyms: Spur , Impetus , Encouragement
Antonyms: Sluggishness , Tardiness
Example Sentence:The campaign has been gaining momentum ever since the television appeal

Log (Verb) : Make official record of things that happen
Synonyms: Record , Journal
Example Sentence:: We found a huge pile of logs

 

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Magnanimous(adjective) उदारवादी, दयालु
Synonym: Generous, Noble
Antonym: Meanspirited, Selfish
Example Sentence:
The magnanimous leader forgave his political opponents and even helped them in their times of need

SPECIFIC (ADJECTIVE): (विशिष्ट): particular
Synonyms: specified, certain
Antonyms: general
Example Sentence:
Huge savings were made to meet specific development needs

STARTLE (VERB): (डराना): surprise
Synonyms: frighten, scare
Antonyms: put at ease
Example Sentence:
A sudden sound in the doorway startled her

CHRONIC (ADJECTIVE): (बहुकालीन): constant
Synonyms: continuing, continual
Antonyms: temporary
Example Sentence:
The schools seldom suffer from chronic overcrowding

CONFIDE (VERB): (गुप्त रूप से बताना): reveal
Synonyms: disclose, divulge
Antonyms: keep from
Example Sentence:
He confided his fears to his mother

SANCTION (NOUN): (दंड): penalty
Synonyms: punishment, deterrent
Antonyms: reward
Example Sentence:
A range of sanctions were aimed at deterring insider abuse

COMPREHENSIVE (ADJECTIVE): (व्यापक): inclusive
Synonyms: allinclusive complete
Antonyms: partial
Example Sentence:
Her collection of photographs was anything but comprehensive

HARBOUR (VERB): (आश्रय देना): shelter
Synonyms: conceal, hide
Antonyms: hand over
Example Sentence:
He was suspected of harbouring an escaped prisoner

SEIZURE (NOUN): (अभिग्रहण): confiscation
Synonyms: impounding, commandeering
Antonyms: restitution
Example Sentence:
Cowed by the bold seizure of the leaders, the states of Holland submitted

PRECEDE (VERB): (पूर्व में होना): lead up to
Synonyms: pave the way for, set the scene for
Antonyms: follow
Example Sentence:
A gun battle had preceded the explosions

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Ordeal (Noun) : कटुअनुभव: a very unpleasant and painful or difficult experience
Synonyms: hardship, trouble, torment, suffering, agony
Antonyms: delight, pleasure, comfort, elation
Example Sentence: Even the experienced wedding planner found it quite an ordeal to plan and execute a ceremony in twentyfour hours

Polarisation (Noun) : ध्रुवीकरण: division into two sharply contrasting groups or sets of opinions or beliefs
Synonyms: separation, split, division, divergence
Antonyms: union, sameness, accord, convergence
Example Sentence: Polarization between the husband and wife’s financial spending was caused by differences in opinion on saving

Foment (Verb): भड़काना : instigate or stir up (an undesirable or violent sentiment or course of action)
Synonyms: provoke, incite, trigger
Antonyms: calm, cease, depress, constrain
Example Sentence:Despite popular beliefs, the police are here to keep people calm, not to foment violence

Garner (Verb): एकत्र करना : to collect something, usually after much work or with difficulty
Synonyms: collect, gather, amass, assemble, accumulate
Antonyms: disperse, scatter, dissipate
Example Sentence: Sadly, Jim Waters could not garner enough votes to carry the election

Brazen (Adjective): बेशर्म : bold and without shame
Synonyms: impudent, bold, audacious
Antonyms: timid, meek, shy, humble
Example Sentence: In a brazen assault, the gang fired their weapons at the policeman

Insurgency (Noun) : विद्रोह, उग्रवाद: an active revolt or uprising
Synonyms: uprising, revolt, rebellion, mutiny
Antonyms: counterinsurgency, counterrevolution
Example Sentence: Despite the enormity of the war’s casualties, the Iraqi insurgency continues to grow stronger with every passing day

Indiscreet (Adjective) : अविवेकी: not careful or polite in what you say or do
Synonyms: unwise, imprudent
Antonyms: discreet, decorous
Example Sentence: Don’t tell her any secrets; she’s so indiscreet

Conspicuous (Adjective) : विशिष्ट: clearly visible; attracting notice or attention
Synonyms: obvious, clear, plain, evident
Antonyms: invisible, unnoticeable, hidden
Example Sentence: The bank robber made the mistake of trying to escape in a conspicuous orange car

Euphemism (Noun): प्रियोक्ति : a word or phrase used to avoid saying an unpleasant or offensive word
Synonyms: metaphor, phrase, term, idiom, colloquialism
Antonyms: directness, straightforwardness, terseness
Example Sentence: “Senior citizen” is a euphemism for “old person“
The article used euphemisms so much that its meaning was often unclear

Stringent (Adjective): कठोर: strict, precise, and exacting (of regulations, requirements, or conditions)
Synonyms: strict, rigorous, rigid
Antonyms: lenient, flexible
Example Sentence:The quantity of exports has declined since the early s due to the stringent procedures by the government

Formidable (Adjective) : दर्ज: causing you to have fear or respect for something or someone because that thing or person is large, powerful, or difficult
Synonyms: terrifying, frightening, intimidating
Antonyms: comforting, hopeful, positive
Example Sentence:Walking across a fourlane highway with my eyes closed is a formidable challenge!

impetus (Noun) : प्रोत्साहन: something that encourages a particular activity or makes that activity more energetic or effective
Synonyms: encouragement, stimulus, momentum, catalyst
Antonyms: disincentive, discouragement, hindrance, deterrent, impediment
Example Sentence: The high crime rate was the impetus for the hiring of one hundred new police officers in our city

Apartheid (Noun): रंगभेद : a system under which people of different races were kept separate by law, and white people were given more political rights and educational and other advantages
Synonyms: segregation, discrimination, racism,
Antonyms: integration, union, impartial
Example Sentence: Nelson Mandela helped to end Apartheid, which was racial discrimination in South Africa

Pertinent (Adjective): उचित : relevant or applicable to a particular matter; apposite
Synonyms: relevant, applicable, important, appropriate
Antonyms: irrelevant, impertinent, inapplicable, inappropriate
Example Sentence: To ensure a prompt reply, please include all pertinent details in your email

Pandemonium (Noun): हंगामा: wild and noisy disorder or confusion; uproar
Synonyms: disturbance, turmoil, stir
Antonyms: calm, rest, tranquility, peace
Example Sentence: There was pandemonium in court as the judge gave his summing up

Flimsy (Adjective) : कमजोर: comparatively light and insubstantial; easily damaged
Synonyms: fragile, insubstantial, gauzy, feeble
Antonyms: sturdy, substantial, durable
Example Sentence: The storm flattened the flimsy wooden huts that the villagers lived in

Scrawled (Verb) : write (something) in a hurried, careless way
Synonyms: scribble, write hurriedly, write untidily
Example Sentence: Someone had scrawled all over my notes

Mushy (Adjective): excessively sentimental; soft and pulpy
Synonyms: sentimental, mawkish, emotional, soft, squashy
Antonyms: unsentimental, hardedged
Example Sentence: I hate those mushy love stories
After cooking the peas for too long in a crockpot, the mushy vegetable was too soft to be delicious

Propitiate (Verb) : शांत करना: to lessen the anger or agitation of
Synonyms: appease, placate, conciliate
Antonyms: anger, antagonize, infuriate
Example Sentence: After Bill forgot his wife’s birthday, he tried to propitiate the situation by purchasing her the pearl necklace she always wanted

Dunce (Noun) : मूर्ख : a person who is slow at learning; a stupid person
Synonyms: fool, idiot, simpleton
Antonyms: brainy, genius, intellectual
Example Sentence: Because it takes me a long time to solve problems, I am a dunce at mathematics

Formidable (Adjective) : दर्ज: causing you to have fear or respect for something or someone because that thing or person is large, powerful, or difficult
Synonyms: terrifying, frightening, intimidating
Antonyms: comforting, hopeful, positive
Example Sentence:Walking across a fourlane highway with my eyes closed is a formidable challenge!

impetus (Noun) : प्रोत्साहन: something that encourages a particular activity or makes that activity more energetic or effective
Synonyms: encouragement, stimulus, momentum, catalyst
Antonyms: disincentive, discouragement, hindrance, deterrent, impediment
Example Sentence: The high crime rate was the impetus for the hiring of one hundred new police officers in our city

Apartheid (Noun): रंगभेद : a system under which people of different races were kept separate by law, and white people were given more political rights and educational and other advantages
Synonyms: segregation, discrimination, racism,
Antonyms: integration, union, impartial
Example Sentence: Nelson Mandela helped to end Apartheid, which was racial discrimination in South Africa

Pertinent (Adjective): उचित : relevant or applicable to a particular matter; apposite
Synonyms: relevant, applicable, important, appropriate
Antonyms: irrelevant, impertinent, inapplicable, inappropriate
Example Sentence: To ensure a prompt reply, please include all pertinent details in your email

Pandemonium (Noun): हंगामा: wild and noisy disorder or confusion; uproar
Synonyms: disturbance, turmoil, stir
Antonyms: calm, rest, tranquility, peace
Example Sentence: There was pandemonium in court as the judge gave his summing up

Flimsy (Adjective) : कमजोर: comparatively light and insubstantial; easily damaged
Synonyms: fragile, insubstantial, gauzy, feeble
Antonyms: sturdy, substantial, durable
Example Sentence: The storm flattened the flimsy wooden huts that the villagers lived in

Scrawled (Verb) : write (something) in a hurried, careless way
Synonyms: scribble, write hurriedly, write untidily
Example Sentence: Someone had scrawled all over my notes

Mushy (Adjective): excessively sentimental; soft and pulpy
Synonyms: sentimental, mawkish, emotional, soft, squashy
Antonyms: unsentimental, hardedged
Example Sentence: I hate those mushy love stories
After cooking the peas for too long in a crockpot, the mushy vegetable was too soft to be delicious

Propitiate (Verb) : शांत करना: to lessen the anger or agitation of
Synonyms: appease, placate, conciliate
Antonyms: anger, antagonize, infuriate
Example Sentence: After Bill forgot his wife’s birthday, he tried to propitiate the situation by purchasing her the pearl necklace she always wanted

Dunce (Noun) : मूर्ख : a person who is slow at learning; a stupid person
Synonyms: fool, idiot, simpleton
Antonyms: brainy, genius, intellectual
Example Sentence: Because it takes me a long time to solve problems, I am a dunce at mathematics

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